Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) is an integral membrane protein, a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily, and a ligand for lymphocyte function-associated (LFA) antigens, a β-2 leukocyte integrin. The normal function of ICAM-1 is to provide adhesion between endothelial cells and leukocytes after injury or stress. ICAM-1 binds to leukocyte function-associated antigen (LFA-1) or macrophage-1 antigen (Mac-1). ICAM-1 is found on leukocytes, fibroblasts, epithelial cells and endothelial cells, and its expression is regulated by inflammatory cytokines. ICAM-1 has a tissue distribution similar to that of the major histocompatibility complex class II antigens and is likely to play a role in inflammatory responses. The standard product used in this kit is produced by recombinant gene expression, consisting of 455 amino acids with the molecular mass of 50kDa.
ScienCell's human ICAM-1 ELISA Kit is based on standard sandwich enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay technology. Human ICAM-1-specific monoclonal antibodies are pre-coated onto 8 x 12 divisible strips. The human specific detection polyclonal antibodies are biotinylated. The test samples and biotinylated detection antibodies are subsequently added to the wells and then washed with PBS or TBS buffer. Avidin-Biotin-Peroxidase Complex is added, and unbound conjugates are washed away with PBS or TBS buffer. HRP substrate TMB is used to visualize HRP enzymatic reaction. TMB is catalyzed by HRP to produce a blue color product that changes into yellow after adding acidic stop solution. The intensity of yellow is proportional to the amount of human ICAM-1 captured in strips.
|Country of Manufacture||United States|
|Product Use||This product is for research use only. It is not approved for use in humans, animals, or in vitro diagnostic procedures.|
|Storage||Store at 4°C For Frequent use, at -20°C For infrequent use. Avoid multiple Freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Shipping Info||Shipped on gel ice.|
|References||1. Ballantyne, C. M.; Kozak, C. A.; O'Brien, W. E.; Beaudet, A. L. Assignment of the gene for intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (Icam-1) to proximal mouse chromosome 9. Genomics 9: 547-550, 1991.
2. Bella, J.; Kolatkar, P. R.; Marlor, C. W.; Greve, J. M.; Rossmann, M. G. The structure of the two amino-terminal domains of human ICAM-1 suggests how it functions as a rhinovirus receptor and as an LFA-1 integrin ligand. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 95: 4140-4145, 1998.
3. Simmons, D.; Makgoba, M. W.; Seed, B. ICAM, an adhesion ligand of LFA-1, is homologous to the neural cell adhesion molecule NCAM. Nature 331: 624-627, 1988
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